The young Asian woman told me that the Burmese military placed land mines in her family’s rice field. So she fled with her family across the border from Burma to the Thailand border refuge camps. They had no money in the camps and the rations were poor so it was hard to take care of her family. And it was not safe in the camps – twice the Burmese army crossed into Thailand and burned down the camp. Her classmates were killed in the fires.
She is Karen. We were told of other stories of the atrocities committed against the Karen people who fled from the long standing war between the Karen and the Burmese Military Junta- the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) We were told of rape; forced labor, using people as land mine sweepers; destruction of crops and villages; loss of limbs by land mines; and the suppression of information regarding these atrocities from the outside world by the SPDC.
These Karen refuges and migrant workers were the people KIRF helped last month on the Thai Burmese border. In spite of such hardship, we saw an incredible solidarity between the Karen refugees to help each other, to persevere, and one day, maybe, to go home.
Through our pre-trip research we were able to make contact with the Mae Tao Clinic in the Thai border town of Mae Sot through the help of Dr. Terry from California and Ms. Lisa from Scotland -who were also helpful once on the ground. (We met Dr. Terry through Global Colors, an international humanitarian volunteer opportunity database founded by Barton Brooks.) Many people come to the clinic from across the Burma/Thai border after having walked for days. They are starving and ill or have infection from war wounds such as lost limbs from land mines. The clinic also treats the very poor Karen migrant worker population that works in Thailand under fear of deportation back to Burma.
On this trip, my brother and long standing KIRF volunteer, Stephen Kirwin, again provided invaluable assistance. We were also very fortunate to have medical and dental supplies donated by local Ventura Dentist Dr. Phil Kroll for the Mae Tao Clinic and clothing donated by Patagonia.
We were given a tour of the clinic by Ms. Eh Thwa and were fortunate to spend some time with Dr. Cynthia Maung, the clinic’s founder. Dr. Cynthia, as she is known, started the Mae Tao Clinic in a two-story old warehouse-style building in 1988 to provide free health care to refugees and migrant workers fleeing the military coup violence in Burma. Gradually, through the years with additional funding, the small makeshift clinic has expanded into a multi-specialty medical center. The medical center is very crowded with men, women and children; many of them are obviously sick, in pain or badly injured, moving about cautiously or sitting here and there. Many wait for their turn with a blank look in their eyes.
I saw much pain and suffering and courage in the patients at Mae Tao Clinic. I also saw an incredible staff and volunteers at the clinic, who mostly consist of Karen refugees trained as medics. (It is extremely difficult for a Karen refugee to be allowed or able to gain a higher education in Thailand due to problems with their lack of documentation from the Burmese government and funding.)
The clinic has a surgery ward as well as inpatient/out patient rooms and maternity ward among other facilities. The clinic also makes prosthetics for land mine survivors. The prostheses department was one large room with old workbenches, and bottles and cans of chemicals used to form the prosthetic limbs. It smelled heavily of fiberglass being sanded.
On the far side of the room was a man, who had prosthetic legs, working on a lath shaping a new limb to be used. Above the door hung another prosthetic leg and there were bits and pieces of prosthetic limbs lying around the rather busy room. Many of the people working in the prosthetic department were land mine survivors with prosthetic limbs. They were amazing to be giving back as much as they could to help those who had lost limbs due to the land mines.
We also visited several schools for the migrant workers and dormitories for “unaccompanied children” sponsored by the Mae Tao Clinic. These unaccompanied children are either an orphan, have lost their parents or are placed in the dormitories because their parents are afraid that the children will be used as forced labor.
As the work progressed, we were also able to visit and bring needed supplies to one of the Karen refuge camps. This is where I met more young unaccompanied children preparing their own food, over open fires, in a dimly lit bamboo structure with dirt floors. We talked of playing sports and then of peace.
KIRF was able to provide three pickup truckloads of sleeping mats, blankets, mosquito nets, cooking ware, sports materials, pillows, and towels for the unaccompanied children in the dormitories and refuge camp. In addition, to Dr. Kroll’s kind donation, we purchased medical supplies and wound care items for the Mae Tao Clinic’s surgery ward.
During this trip, I learned of the community schools in Burma. These exist in the Karen state- where much of the fighting is taking place- as non-permanent schools to educate the children who cannot leave. KIRF purchased writing materials, notebooks, sleeping materials, and umbrellas for the torrential rain, to help these children get and education. When the fighting shifts away from the area as expected, the Karen backpack volunteer medics will risk their lives to carry these supplies across the border to the help the children in Burma.
Thank you to all who have helped so much in this effort. And, thank you so very much to all of the people we met that are giving so much to help the Karen people.
Founder, Kirwin International Relief Foundation
RESOURCES FOR MORE INFORMATION
- Mae Tao Clinic: http://www.maetaoclinic.org/
- Global Colors: http://globalcolors.org/maetaoclinic.html
- UNHCR, Report Of Human Rights Abuses in Burma 2006: http://www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/rsd/rsddocview.html?tbl=RSDCOI&id=45f056802
- Human Rights Watch: Burmese Refugees Report: http://www.hrw.org/press/2000/05/thaiback0506.htm
- Karen Women’s Organization (KWO) 2006 Report: http://www.karenwomen.org/
- Refugees International: No Safe Place: http://www.refugeesinternational.org/content/publication/detail/302
- Horton, Phil, Restless Souls: Rebels, Refugees…, AsiaBooks, Bangkok, Thailand, 2006